Dunkin Brands, Inc.
DUNKIN' BRANDS GROUP, INC. (Form: 10-Q, Received: 11/09/2012 06:04:40)
Table of Contents

 
 
 
 
 
FORM 10-Q  
 
 
 
U.S. SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
 
 

x
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934.
For the quarterly period ended September 29, 2012
OR
¨
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934.
For the transition period from              to             
Commission file number 001-35258  
 
 
 
DUNKIN’ BRANDS GROUP, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)  
 
 
 
Delaware
 
20-4145825
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
130 Royall Street
Canton, Massachusetts 02021
(Address of principal executive offices) (zip code)
(781) 737-3000
(Registrants’ telephone number, including area code)
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report.)
 
 
 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has (1) filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    YES   x     NO   ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    YES   x     NO   ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act
Large accelerated filer
 
¨
  
Accelerated filer
 
¨
 
 
 
 
Non-accelerated filer
 
x   
  
Smaller Reporting Company
 
¨
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company (as defined in rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).     YES   ¨     NO   x
As of November 1, 2012 , 105,558,370 shares of common stock of the registrant were outstanding.


Table of Contents

DUNKIN’ BRANDS GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
 
 
 
 
Page    
 
Part I. – Financial Information
 
 
 
Item 1.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
 
Part II. – Other Information
 
 
 
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4
Item 5.
Item 6.
 


2

Table of Contents

Part I.        Financial Information
Item 1.       Financial Statements
DUNKIN' BRANDS GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Balance Sheets
(In thousands, except share data)
(Unaudited)
 
September 29,
2012
 
December 31,
2011
Assets
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
165,642

 
246,715

Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $2,400 and $2,713 as of September 29, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively
41,790

 
37,122

Notes and other receivables, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $1,421 and $2,321 as of September 29, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively
8,259

 
21,665

Assets held for sale
3,589

 
1,266

Deferred income taxes, net
48,873

 
48,387

Restricted assets of advertising funds
28,444

 
31,017

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
21,116

 
20,302

Total current assets
317,713

 
406,474

Property and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation of $107,898 and $103,541 as of September 29, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively
176,231

 
185,360

Investments in joint ventures
175,902

 
164,636

Goodwill
891,914

 
890,992

Other intangible assets, net
1,486,785

 
1,507,219

Restricted cash
369

 
269

Other assets
69,787

 
69,068

Total assets
$
3,118,701

 
3,224,018

Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Current portion of long-term debt
$
20,000

 
14,965

Capital lease obligations
361

 
232

Accounts payable
8,231

 
9,651

Income taxes payable, net
9,607

 
15,630

Liabilities of advertising funds
45,750

 
50,547

Deferred income
23,402

 
24,918

Other current liabilities
164,272

 
200,597

Total current liabilities
271,623

 
316,540

Long-term debt, net
1,829,573

 
1,453,344

Capital lease obligations
7,233

 
4,928

Unfavorable operating leases acquired
19,617

 
21,440

Deferred income
17,356

 
16,966

Deferred income taxes, net
566,027

 
578,660

Other long-term liabilities
85,810

 
86,204

Total long-term liabilities
2,525,616

 
2,161,542

Commitments and contingencies (note 12)

 

Stockholders’ equity:
 
 
 
Preferred stock, $0.001 par value; 25,000,000 shares authorized; no shares issued and outstanding at September 29, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively

 

Common stock, $0.001 par value; 475,000,000 shares authorized; 105,367,978 and 120,136,631 shares issued and outstanding at September 29, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively
105

 
119

Additional paid-in capital
1,251,211

 
1,478,291

Accumulated deficit
(948,422
)
 
(752,075
)
Accumulated other comprehensive income
15,100

 
19,601

Total stockholders’ equity of Dunkin’ Brands
317,994

 
745,936

Noncontrolling interests
3,468

 

Total stockholders' equity
321,462

 
745,936

Total liabilities and stockholders' equity
$
3,118,701

 
3,224,018

See accompanying notes to unaudited consolidated financial statements.

3

Table of Contents
DUNKIN’ BRANDS GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Statements of Operations
(In thousands, except per share data)
(Unaudited)

 
Three months ended
 
Nine months ended
 
September 29,
2012
 
September 24,
2011
 
September 29,
2012
 
September 24,
2011
Revenues:
 
 
 
 
 
Franchise fees and royalty income
$
107,847

 
104,562

 
309,819

 
288,660

Rental income
24,918

 
23,676

 
73,859

 
69,950

Sales of ice cream products
27,118

 
25,591

 
78,283

 
73,532

Sales at company-owned restaurants
5,913

 
3,073

 
16,706

 
8,409

Other revenues
5,923

 
6,606

 
17,811

 
19,142

Total revenues
171,719

 
163,508

 
496,478

 
459,693

Operating costs and expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
Occupancy expenses—franchised restaurants
12,965

 
13,073

 
38,797

 
38,278

Cost of ice cream products
19,211

 
18,975

 
56,000

 
52,795

Company-owned restaurant expenses
6,021

 
3,125

 
16,967

 
8,900

General and administrative expenses, net
55,630

 
68,340

 
186,550

 
170,508

Depreciation
9,011

 
6,128

 
22,533

 
18,350

Amortization of other intangible assets
6,669

 
7,001

 
20,317

 
21,106

Impairment charges
564

 
163

 
950

 
1,220

Total operating costs and expenses
110,071

 
116,805

 
342,114

 
311,157

Equity in net income of joint ventures
8,697

 
7,409

 
17,314

 
12,206

Operating income
70,345

 
54,112

 
171,678

 
160,742

Other income (expense):
 
 
 
 
 
Interest income
126

 
138

 
383

 
403

Interest expense
(18,920
)
 
(24,065
)
 
(52,306
)
 
(86,905
)
Loss on debt extinguishment and refinancing transactions
(3,963
)
 
(18,050
)
 
(3,963
)
 
(34,222
)
Other losses, net
(265
)
 
(423
)
 
(472
)
 
(11
)
Total other expense
(23,022
)
 
(42,400
)
 
(56,358
)
 
(120,735
)
Income before income taxes
47,323

 
11,712

 
115,320

 
40,007

Provision for income taxes
18,022

 
4,300

 
41,886

 
17,156

Net income including noncontrolling interests
29,301

 
7,412

 
73,434

 
22,851

Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests
(225
)
 

 
(539
)
 

Net income attributable to Dunkin’ Brands
$
29,526

 
7,412

 
73,973

 
22,851

Earnings (loss) per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Class L—basic and diluted
$ n/a

 
4.46

 
n/a

 
6.14

Common—basic
0.26

 
(1.01
)
 
0.63

 
(2.00
)
Common—diluted
0.26

 
(1.01
)
 
0.62

 
(2.00
)
Cash dividends declared per common share
0.15

 

 
0.45

 

See accompanying notes to unaudited consolidated financial statements.

4

Table of Contents
DUNKIN’ BRANDS GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)

 
Three months ended
 
Nine months ended
 
September 29,
2012
 
September 24,
2011
 
September 29,
2012
 
September 24,
2011
Net income including noncontrolling interests
$
29,301

 
7,412

 
73,434

 
22,851

Other comprehensive income (loss), net:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Effect of foreign currency translation
4,364

 
(136
)
 
1,143

 
7,916

Unrealized losses on interest rate swaps
(2,454
)
 

 
(2,454
)
 

Unrealized loss on pension adjustment
(1,451
)
 

 
(1,451
)
 

Other
(125
)
 
(303
)
 
(1,739
)
 
(254
)
Total other comprehensive income (loss)
334

 
(439
)
 
(4,501
)
 
7,662

Comprehensive income including noncontrolling interests
29,635

 
6,973

 
68,933

 
30,513

Comprehensive loss attributable to noncontrolling interests
(225
)
 

 
(539
)
 

Comprehensive income attributable to Dunkin’ Brands
$
29,860

 
6,973

 
69,472

 
30,513

See accompanying notes to unaudited consolidated financial statements.

5

Table of Contents
DUNKIN’ BRANDS GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)

 
Nine months ended
 
September 29,
2012
 
September 24,
2011
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
Net income including noncontrolling interests
$
73,434

 
22,851

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
42,850

 
39,456

Amortization of deferred financing costs and original issue discount
4,110

 
4,814

Loss on debt extinguishment and refinancing transactions
3,963

 
34,222

Impact of unfavorable operating leases acquired
(1,804
)
 
(2,591
)
Deferred income taxes
(12,901
)
 
488

Impairment charges
950

 
1,220

Provision for (recovery of) bad debt
(586
)
 
1,095

Share-based compensation expense
5,907

 
3,414

Equity in net income of joint ventures
(17,314
)
 
(12,206
)
Dividends received from joint ventures
6,497

 
7,362

Other, net
(519
)
 
(1,115
)
Change in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts, notes, and other receivables, net
9,401

 
32,047

Other current assets
(247
)
 
3,770

Accounts payable
(1,442
)
 
3,296

Other current liabilities
(37,796
)
 
(48,420
)
Liabilities of advertising funds, net
(2,222
)
 
(1,645
)
Income taxes payable, net
(13,971
)
 
(11,855
)
Deferred income
(1,137
)
 
(5,041
)
Other, net
257

 
(121
)
Net cash provided by operating activities
57,430

 
71,041

Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
 
Additions to property and equipment
(13,379
)
 
(12,800
)
Other, net
(925
)
 
2,115

Net cash used in investing activities
(14,304
)
 
(10,685
)
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
Proceeds from initial public offering, net of offering costs

 
390,091

Repurchases of common stock
(450,343
)
 
(286
)
Proceeds from issuance of long-term debt
396,000

 
250,000

Repayment of long-term debt
(15,441
)
 
(635,366
)
Payment of deferred financing and other debt-related costs
(5,773
)
 
(20,087
)
Dividends paid on common stock
(54,189
)
 

Other, net
5,188

 
3,416

Net cash used in financing activities
(124,558
)
 
(12,232
)
Effect of exchange rates on cash and cash equivalents
359

 
(375
)
Increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
(81,073
)
 
47,749

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period
246,715

 
134,100

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period
$
165,642

 
181,849

Supplemental cash flow information:
 
 
 
Cash paid for income taxes
$
70,106

 
28,512

Cash paid for interest
47,493

 
82,034

Noncash investing activities:
 
 
 
Property and equipment included in accounts payable and accrued expenses
1,424

 
753

Purchase of leaseholds in exchange for capital lease obligations
2,703

 

Offering costs included in accounts payable and accrued expenses

 
126


See accompanying notes to unaudited consolidated financial statements.

6


DUNKIN’ BRANDS GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
(1) Description of Business and Organization
Dunkin’ Brands Group, Inc. (“DBGI”), together with its consolidated subsidiaries, is one of the world’s largest franchisors of restaurants serving coffee and baked goods as well as ice cream within the quick service restaurant segment of the restaurant industry. We develop, franchise, and license a system of both traditional and nontraditional quick service restaurants and, in limited circumstances, own and operate individual locations. Through our Dunkin’ Donuts brand, we develop and franchise restaurants featuring coffee, donuts, bagels, and related products. Through our Baskin-Robbins brand, we develop and franchise restaurants featuring ice cream, frozen beverages, and related products. Additionally, we distribute Baskin-Robbins ice cream products to Baskin-Robbins franchisees and licensees in certain international markets.
Throughout these financial statements, “Dunkin’ Brands,” “the Company,” “we,” “us,” “our,” and “management” refer to DBGI and its consolidated subsidiaries taken as a whole.
(2) Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
(a) Unaudited Financial Statements
The consolidated balance sheet as of September 29, 2012 , the consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income for the three and nine months ended September 29, 2012 and September 24, 2011 , and the consolidated statements of cash flows for the nine months ended September 29, 2012 and September 24, 2011 , are unaudited.
The accompanying consolidated financial statements include the accounts of DBGI and its consolidated subsidiaries and have been prepared in accordance with the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) for interim financial information. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) for complete financial statements. All significant transactions and balances between subsidiaries and affiliates have been eliminated in consolidation. In the opinion of management, all adjustments necessary for a fair presentation of such financial statements in accordance with U.S. GAAP have been recorded. Such adjustments consisted only of normal recurring items. These unaudited consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2011, included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, as amended.
(b) Fiscal Year
The Company operates and reports financial information on a 52-week (or 53-week) year on a 13-week (or 14-week) quarter basis with the fiscal year ending on the last Saturday in December and fiscal quarters ending on the 13 th (or 14 th ) Saturday of each quarter. The data periods contained within our three- and nine -month periods ended September 29, 2012 and September 24, 2011 reflect the results of operations for the 13-week and 39-week periods ended on those dates. Operating results for the three- and nine -month periods ended September 29, 2012 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the fiscal year ending December 29, 2012 .
(c) Accounting Estimates
The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires the use of estimates, judgments, and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues, expenses, and related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and for the period then ended.

(d) Fair Value of Financial Instruments
The carrying amounts of accounts receivable, notes and other receivables, assets and liabilities related to the advertising funds, accounts payable, and other current liabilities approximate fair value because of their short-term nature. For long-term receivables, we review the creditworthiness of the counterparty on a quarterly basis, and adjust the carrying value as necessary. We believe the carrying value of long-term receivables of $4.3 million and $4.8 million as of September 29, 2012 and December 31, 2011 , respectively, approximates fair value.
Financial assets and liabilities are categorized, based on the inputs to the valuation technique, into a three-level fair value hierarchy. The fair value hierarchy gives the highest priority to the quoted prices in active markets for identical assets and liabilities and lowest priority to unobservable inputs. Observable market data, when available, is required to be used in making fair value measurements. When inputs used to measure fair value fall within different levels of the hierarchy, the level within

7


which the fair value measurement is categorized is based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement.
Financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of September 29, 2012 are summarized as follows (in thousands):
 
 
Quoted prices
in active
markets for
identical assets
(Level 1)
 
Significant
other
observable
inputs
(Level 2)
Assets:
 
 
 
Mutual funds
$
2,845

 

Total assets
$
2,845

 

Liabilities:
 
 
 
Deferred compensation liabilities
$

 
7,394

Interest rate swaps

 
2,454

Total liabilities
$

 
9,848

The mutual funds and deferred compensation liabilities primarily relate to the Dunkin’ Brands, Inc. Non-Qualified Deferred Compensation Plan (“NQDC Plan”), which allows for pre-tax salary deferrals for certain qualifying employees. Changes in the fair value of the deferred compensation liabilities are derived using quoted prices in active markets of the asset selections made by the participants. The deferred compensation liabilities are classified within Level 2, as defined under U.S. GAAP, because their inputs are derived principally from observable market data by correlation to the hypothetical investments. The Company holds mutual funds, as well as money market funds, to partially offset the Company’s liabilities under the NQDC Plan as well as other benefit plans. The changes in the fair value of the mutual funds are derived using quoted prices in active markets for the specific funds. As such, the mutual funds are classified within Level 1, as defined under U.S. GAAP.
The Company uses readily available market data to value its interest rate swaps, such as interest rate curves and discount factors. Additionally, the fair value of derivatives includes consideration of credit risk in the valuation. The Company uses a potential future exposure model to estimate this credit valuation adjustment (“CVA”). The inputs to the CVA are largely based on observable market data, with the exception of certain assumptions regarding credit worthiness which make the CVA a Level 3 input, as defined under U.S. GAAP. As the magnitude of the CVA is not a significant component of the fair value of the interest rate swaps as of September 29, 2012 , it is not considered a significant input and the derivatives are classified as Level 2.
The carrying value and fair value of long-term debt was $1.850 billion and $1.853 billion , respectively, as of September 29, 2012 . The fair value of our term loans is estimated based on current bid prices for our term loans. As such, our term loans are classified within Level 2, as defined under U.S. GAAP.
(e) Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities
The Company uses derivative instruments to hedge interest rate risks.  These derivative contracts are entered into with financial institutions.  The Company does not use derivative instruments for trading purposes and we have procedures in place to monitor and control their use.
We record all derivative instruments on our consolidated balance sheets at fair value.  For derivative instruments that are designated and qualify as a cash flow hedge, the effective portion of the gain or loss on the derivative instrument is reported as a component of other comprehensive income (loss) and reclassified into earnings in the same period or periods during which the hedged transaction affects earnings.  Any ineffective portion of the gain or loss on the derivative instrument for a cash flow hedge is recorded in the results of operations immediately.  See note 6 for a discussion of our use of derivative instruments, management of credit risk inherent in derivative instruments, and fair value information.
(f) Concentration of Credit Risk
The Company is subject to credit risk through its accounts receivable consisting primarily of amounts due from franchisees and licensees for franchise fees and royalty income. In addition, we have note and lease receivables from certain of our franchisees and licensees. The financial condition of these franchisees and licensees is largely dependent upon the underlying business trends of our brands and market conditions within the quick service restaurant industry. This concentration of credit risk is

8


mitigated, in part, by the large number of franchisees and licensees of each brand and the short-term nature of the franchise and license fee and lease receivables. At September 29, 2012 and December 31, 2011 , one master licensee accounted for approximately 20% and 17% , respectively, of total accounts receivable, net, which was primarily due to the timing of orders and shipments of ice cream to the master licensee. No other individual franchisee or master licensee accounts for more than 10% of total revenues or accounts and notes receivable.
(g) Recent Accounting Pronouncements
In July 2012, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued new guidance, which permits an entity to first assess qualitative factors to determine whether it is necessary to perform the quantitative impairment test for indefinite-lived intangible assets. An entity that elects to perform a qualitative assessment is required to perform the quantitative impairment test for an indefinite-lived intangible asset if it is more likely than not that the asset is impaired. This guidance was adopted by the Company in fiscal year 2012. The adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact on the Company's consolidated financial statements.
In September 2011, the FASB issued new guidance, which permits an entity to make a qualitative assessment of whether it is more likely than not that a reporting unit’s fair value is less than its carrying amount before applying the two-step goodwill impairment test. If an entity concludes that it is not more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount, it would not need to perform the two-step impairment test for that reporting unit. This guidance was adopted by the Company in fiscal year 2012. The adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact on the Company's consolidated financial statements.
(h) Reclassifications
The Company has revised the presentation of certain captions within the consolidated statements of operations to present sales at company-owned restaurants and company-owned restaurant expenses within individual captions. In prior periods, the sales and expenses have been included in other revenues and general and administrative expenses, net, respectively. Prior period financial statements have been revised to conform to the current period presentation. The revisions had no impact on total revenues, operating income, income before income taxes, or net income.
(i) Subsequent Events
Subsequent events have been evaluated through the date these consolidated financial statements were filed.
(3) Franchise Fees and Royalty Income
Franchise fees and royalty income consisted of the following (in thousands):
 
 
Three months ended
 
Nine months ended
 
September 29,
2012
 
September 24,
2011
 
September 29,
2012
 
September 24,
2011
Royalty income
$
98,858

 
93,811

 
286,487

 
264,479

Initial franchise fees, including renewal income
8,989

 
10,751

 
23,332

 
24,181

Total franchise fees and royalty income
$
107,847

 
104,562

 
309,819

 
288,660

The changes in franchised and company-owned points of distribution were as follows:
 

9


 
Three months ended
 
Nine months ended
 
September 29,
2012
 
September 24,
2011
 
September 29,
2012
 
September 24,
2011
Systemwide Points of Distribution
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Franchised points of distribution—beginning of period
16,980

 
16,406

 
16,763

 
16,162

Franchises opened
310

 
299

 
879

 
893

Franchises closed
(124
)
 
(201
)
 
(472
)
 
(562
)
Net transfers (to) from company-owned points of distribution

 
(1
)
 
(4
)
 
10

Franchised points of distribution in operation—end of period
17,166

 
16,503

 
17,166

 
16,503

Company-owned points of distribution—end of period
37

 
22

 
37

 
22

Total systemwide points of distribution—end of period
17,203

 
16,525

 
17,203

 
16,525

(4) Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets
The changes in the gross carrying amount of goodwill from December 31, 2011 to September 29, 2012 are primarily due to goodwill acquired related to the acquisition of company-owned points of distribution and the impact of foreign currency fluctuations.
Other intangible assets at September 29, 2012 consisted of the following (in thousands):
 
 
Weighted
average
    amortization    
period
(years)
 
Gross
carrying
amount
 
Accumulated
amortization
 
Net carrying
amount
Definite-lived intangibles:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Franchise rights
20
 
$
384,264

 
(134,680
)
 
249,584

Favorable operating leases acquired
15
 
79,474

 
(35,380
)
 
44,094

License rights
10
 
6,230

 
(4,093
)
 
2,137

Indefinite-lived intangible:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trade names
N/A
 
1,190,970

 

 
1,190,970

 
 
 
$
1,660,938

 
(174,153
)
 
1,486,785

Other intangible assets at December 31, 2011 consisted of the following (in thousands):
 
 
Weighted
average
    amortization    
period
(years)
 
Gross
carrying
amount
 
Accumulated
amortization
 
Net carrying
amount
Definite-lived intangibles:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Franchise rights
20
 
$
383,786

 
(119,091
)
 
264,695

Favorable operating leases acquired
14
 
83,672

 
(34,725
)
 
48,947

License rights
10
 
6,230

 
(3,623
)
 
2,607

Indefinite-lived intangible:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trade names
N/A
 
1,190,970

 

 
1,190,970

 
 
 
$
1,664,658

 
(157,439
)
 
1,507,219

The changes in the gross carrying amounts of other intangible assets from December 31, 2011 to September 29, 2012 are primarily due to the impact of foreign currency fluctuations, the impairment of favorable operating leases acquired resulting from lease terminations, and intangibles acquired related to the acquisition of company-owned points of distribution. Impairment of favorable operating leases acquired totaled $350 thousand and $32 thousand for the three months ended September 29, 2012 and September 24, 2011 , respectively, and $667 thousand and $249 thousand for the nine months ended September 29, 2012 and September 24, 2011 , respectively, and is included within impairment charges in the consolidated statements of operations.

10


Total estimated amortization expense for fiscal years 2012 through 2016 is presented below (in thousands). The amount reflected below for fiscal year 2012 includes year-to-date amortization.
 
 
 
Fiscal year:
 
2012
$
26,888

2013
26,250

2014
25,645

2015
25,289

2016
22,313

The impact of our unfavorable leases acquired resulted in an increase in rental income and a decrease in rental expense as follows (in thousands):
 
 
Three months ended
 
Nine months ended
 
September 29,
2012
 
September 24,
2011
 
September 29,
2012
 
September 24,
2011
Increase in rental income
$
286

 
292

 
814

 
1,114

Decrease in rental expense
302

 
601

 
990

 
1,477

Total increase in operating income
$
588

 
893

 
1,804

 
2,591


(5) Debt
In August 2012, Dunkin’ Brands, Inc. (“DBI”), a subsidiary of DBGI, amended its senior credit facility to provide for additional term loan borrowings of $400.0 million . The additional borrowings were issued with an original issue discount of $4.0 million , resulting in net cash proceeds of $396.0 million . The proceeds were used to fund a repurchase of common stock from certain shareholders (see note 9(c)). In addition, the amendment provides certain changes to the negative covenants contained in the credit agreement and permits increases in future incremental facilities subject to the Company and DBI remaining in compliance with certain specified leverage ratios. In connection with the amendment, the Company recorded costs of $ 4.0 million , which consisted primarily of fees paid to third parties, within loss on debt extinguishment and refinancing transactions in the consolidated statements of operations, and incurred debt issuance costs of $ 2.0 million which were capitalized and are included in other assets in the consolidated balance sheets.
Borrowings under the senior credit facility bear interest at a rate per annum equal to an applicable margin plus, at our option, either (1) a base rate determined by reference to the highest of (a) the Federal Funds rate plus 0.5% , (b) the prime rate, (c) the LIBOR rate plus 1.0% , and (d)  2.0% or (2) a LIBOR rate provided that LIBOR shall not be lower than 1.0% . The applicable margin under the term loan facility is 2.0% for loans based upon the base rate and 3.0% for loans based upon the LIBOR rate. The effective interest rate for term loans, including the amortization of original issue discount and deferred financing costs, was 4.4% at September 29, 2012 .
Repayments are required to be made under the term loans equal to approximately $20.0 million per calendar year, payable in quarterly installments through September 2017, with the remaining principal balance due in November 2017. Additionally, following the end of each fiscal year, the Company is required to prepay an amount equal to 25% of excess cash flow (as defined in the senior credit facility) for such fiscal year. If DBI’s leverage ratio, which is a measure of DBI’s outstanding debt to earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization, adjusted for certain items (as specified in the credit facility), is less than 4.75 x, no excess cash flow payments are required. Under the terms of the senior credit facility, the first excess cash flow payment was due in the first quarter of fiscal year 2012 based on fiscal year 2011 excess cash flow and leverage ratio. In December 2011 , the Company made an additional principal payment of $11.8 million that was applied to the 2011 excess cash flow payment due in the first quarter of 2012. Based on fiscal year 2011 excess cash flow and leverage ratio requirements, considering all payments made, the excess cash flow payment required in the first quarter of 2012 was $2.4 million . The excess cash flow payments may be applied to required principal payments. However, the Company intends on making quarterly payments of $5.0 million , which are reflected in the current portion of long-term debt at September 29, 2012 . Other events and transactions, such as certain asset sales and incurrence of debt, may trigger additional mandatory prepayments.
(6) Derivative Instruments and Hedging Transactions
The Company is exposed to global market risks, including the effect of changes in interest rates, and may use derivative instruments to mitigate the impact of these changes. The Company does not use derivatives with a level of complexity or with a

11


risk higher than the exposures to be hedged and does not hold or issue derivatives for trading purposes. The Company's hedging instruments consist solely of interest rate swaps at September 29, 2012 . The Company's risk management objective and strategy with respect to the interest rate swaps is to limit the Company's exposure to increased interest rates on its variable rate debt by reducing the potential variability in cash flow requirements relating to interest payments on a portion of its outstanding debt. The Company documents its risk management objective and strategy for undertaking hedging transactions, as well as all relationships between hedging instruments and hedged items.
In September 2012, the Company entered into variable-to-fixed interest rate swap agreements with three counterparties to hedge the risk of increases in cash flows (interest payments) attributable to increases in the three-month LIBOR above 1.0% , the designated benchmark interest rate being hedged, through November 2017. The notional value of the swaps totals $900.0 million , and we are required to make quarterly payments on the notional amount at a fixed average interest rate of approximately 1.37% , resulting in a total interest rate of approximately 4.37% on the hedged amount when considering the applicable margin. In exchange, we receive interest on the notional amount at a variable rate based on three-month LIBOR spot rate, subject to a 1.0% floor. The swaps have been designated as hedging instruments and are classified as cash flow hedges. They are recognized on the Company's consolidated balance sheets at fair value and classified based on the instruments' maturity dates. Changes in the fair value measurements of the derivative instruments are reflected as adjustments to other comprehensive income (loss) and/or current earnings.
The fair values of derivatives instruments consisted of the following (in thousands):

 
September 29,
2012
 
December 31,
2011
Consolidated Balance Sheet Classification
Interest rate swaps - liability
$
2,454

 

Other long-term liabilities
Total fair values of derivative instruments - liability
$
2,454

 

 

There was no ineffectiveness of the interest rate swaps since inception, and therefore, ineffectiveness had no impact on the consolidated statements of operations for the three and nine months ended September 29, 2012 . The Company recorded $19 thousand of interest expense related to the swaps which is included in interest expense, net in the consolidated statements of operations for the three and nine months ended September 29, 2012 . As of September 29, 2012 , unrealized losses on interest rate swaps of $2.5 million were recorded in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) (see note 9(e)). During the next twelve months, the Company estimates that $3.4 million will be reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) as an increase to interest expense, net, based on current projections of LIBOR.

The Company is exposed to credit-related losses in the event of non-performance by the counterparties to its hedging instruments. To mitigate counterparty credit risk, the Company only enters into contracts with major financial institutions based upon their credit ratings and other factors, and continually assesses the creditworthiness of its counterparties. At  September 29, 2012 , all of the counterparties to our interest rate swaps had investment grade ratings. To date, all counterparties have performed in accordance with their contractual obligations.

The Company has agreements with each of its derivative counterparties that contain a provision whereby if the Company defaults on any of its indebtedness, including default where repayment of the indebtedness has not been accelerated by the lender, then the Company could also be declared in default on its derivative obligations. As of September 29, 2012 , the termination value of derivatives is in a net liability position, which includes accrued interest but excludes any adjustment for nonperformance risk, related to these agreements was $ 2.3 million . As of September 29, 2012 , the Company has not posted any collateral related to these agreements. If the Company had breached any of these provisions at September 29, 2012 , it could have been required to settle its obligations under the agreements at their termination value of $ 2.3 million .
(7) Other Current Liabilities
Other current liabilities consisted of the following (in thousands):
 

12


 
September 29,
2012
 
December 31,
2011
Gift card/certificate liability
$
87,731

 
144,965

Accrued salary and benefits
27,229

 
31,001

Accrued legal liabilities (see note 12(d))
27,581

 
4,658

Accrued professional costs
2,832

 
3,427

Other
18,899

 
16,546

Total other current liabilities
$
164,272

 
200,597


The decrease in the gift card/certificate liability is driven by the seasonality of our gift card program.
(8) Segment Information
The Company is strategically aligned into two global brands, Dunkin’ Donuts and Baskin-Robbins, which are further segregated between U.S. operations and international operations. As such, the Company has determined that it has four operating segments, which are its reportable segments: Dunkin’ Donuts U.S., Dunkin’ Donuts International, Baskin-Robbins U.S., and Baskin-Robbins International. Dunkin’ Donuts U.S., Baskin-Robbins U.S., and Dunkin’ Donuts International primarily derive their revenues through royalty income, franchise fees, and rental income. Baskin-Robbins U.S. also derives revenue through license fees from a third-party license agreement. Baskin-Robbins International primarily derives its revenues from the sales of ice cream products, as well as royalty income, franchise fees, and license fees. The operating results of each segment are regularly reviewed and evaluated separately by the Company’s senior management, which includes, but is not limited to, the chief executive officer. Senior management primarily evaluates the performance of its segments and allocates resources to them based on earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, amortization, impairment charges, loss on debt extinguishment and refinancing transactions, other gains and losses, and unallocated corporate charges referred to as segment profit. When senior management reviews a balance sheet, it is at a consolidated level. The accounting policies applicable to each segment are consistent with those used in the consolidated financial statements.
Subsequent to December 31, 2011 and as part of fiscal year 2012 management reporting, retail sales for Dunkin’ Donuts U.S. company-owned restaurants are now included in the Dunkin’ Donuts U.S. segment revenues. Prior to fiscal year 2012 , retail sales for Dunkin’ Donuts U.S. company-owned restaurants were excluded from segment revenues. Additionally, revenue and segment profit for Baskin-Robbins’ sales to United States military locations located internationally were previously included in the Baskin-Robbins International segment, but are now included within the Baskin-Robbins U.S. segment. Revenues for Dunkin’ Donuts U.S. and revenues and segment profit for Baskin-Robbins U.S. and Baskin-Robbins International in the tables below have been restated to reflect these changes for all periods presented. There was no impact to Dunkin’ Donuts U.S. segment profit as the net operating income earned from company-owned restaurants was previously included in segment profit.
Revenues for all operating segments include only transactions with unaffiliated customers and include no intersegment revenues. Revenues reported as “Other” include revenue earned through arrangements with third parties in which our brand names are used and revenue generated from online training programs for franchisees that are not allocated to a specific segment. Revenues by segment were as follows (in thousands):
 
 
Revenues
 
Three months ended
 
Nine months ended
 
September 29,
2012
 
September 24,
2011
 
September 29,
2012
 
September 24,
2011
Dunkin’ Donuts U.S.
$
123,622

 
116,866

 
357,282

 
325,600

Dunkin’ Donuts International
3,671

 
3,669

 
11,489

 
11,369

Baskin-Robbins U.S.
11,667

 
12,423

 
34,259

 
34,696

Baskin-Robbins International
29,657

 
27,670

 
84,004

 
78,865

Total reportable segment revenues
168,617

 
160,628

 
487,034

 
450,530

Other
3,102

 
2,880

 
9,444

 
9,163

Total revenues
$
171,719

 
163,508

 
496,478

 
459,693

Expenses included in “Corporate and other” in the segment profit table below include corporate overhead costs, such as payroll and related benefit costs and professional services. Segment profit by segment was as follows (in thousands):
 

13


 
Segment profit
 
Three months ended
 
Nine months ended
 
September 29,
2012
 
September 24,
2011
 
September 29,
2012
 
September 24,
2011
Dunkin’ Donuts U.S.
$
91,122

 
88,992

 
260,981

 
242,304

Dunkin’ Donuts International
2,402

 
2,496

 
7,496

 
8,827

Baskin-Robbins U.S.
8,069

 
7,140

 
22,386

 
18,716

Baskin-Robbins International
16,047

 
14,276

 
35,171

 
32,542

Total reportable segment profit
117,640

 
112,904

 
326,034

 
302,389

Corporate and other
(31,051
)
 
(45,500
)
 
(110,556
)
 
(100,971
)
Interest expense, net
(18,794
)
 
(23,927
)
 
(51,923
)
 
(86,502
)
Depreciation and amortization
(15,680
)
 
(13,129
)
 
(42,850
)
 
(39,456
)
Impairment charges
(564
)
 
(163
)
 
(950
)
 
(1,220
)
Loss on debt extinguishment and refinancing transactions
(3,963
)
 
(18,050
)
 
(3,963
)
 
(34,222
)
Other gains, net
(265
)
 
(423
)
 
(472
)
 
(11
)
Income before income taxes
$
47,323

 
11,712

 
115,320

 
40,007


Equity in net income of joint ventures is included in segment profit for the Dunkin’ Donuts International and Baskin-Robbins International reportable segments. Income included in “Other” in the segment profit table below represents the reduction of depreciation and amortization expense reported by BR Korea Co., Ltd. (“BR Korea”) as the Company recorded an impairment charge in fiscal year 2011 related to the underlying goodwill, intangible assets, and long-lived assets of BR Korea. Equity in net income of joint ventures by reportable segment was as follows (in thousands):

 
Equity in net income of joint ventures
 
Three months ended
 
Nine months ended
 
September 29,
2012
 
September 24,
2011
 
September 29,
2012
 
September 24,
2011
Dunkin’ Donuts International
$
414

 
51

 
1,797

 
944

Baskin-Robbins International
7,504

 
7,358

 
12,848

 
11,262

Total reportable segments
7,918

 
7,409

 
14,645

 
12,206

Other
779

 

 
2,669

 

Total equity in net income of joint ventures
$
8,697

 
7,409

 
17,314

 
12,206

(9) Stockholders’ Equity
(a) Additional Paid-In Capital and Accumulated Deficit
The changes in additional paid-in capital and accumulated deficit were as follows (in thousands):
 
Additional paid-in capital
 
Accumulated deficit
 
Balance at December 31, 2011
$
1,478,291

 
(752,075
)
 
Net income attributable to Dunkin' Brands

 
73,973

 
Dividends paid on common stock
(54,189
)
 

 
Share-based compensation expense
5,907

 

 
Retirement of treasury stock
(180,026
)
 
(270,320
)
 
Other, net
1,228

 

 
Balance at September 29, 2012
$
1,251,211

 
(948,422
)
 
(b) Secondary Offerings
In April 2012, certain existing stockholders sold 26,400,000 shares of our common stock at a price of $29.50 per share, less underwriting discounts and commissions, in a secondary public offering. Additionally, the underwriters exercised their option

14


to purchase an additional 3,960,000 shares, which were also sold by certain existing stockholders. The Company did not receive any proceeds from the sales of shares by the existing stockholders. The Company incurred approximately $914 thousand of expenses in connection with the offering during the first quarter of fiscal year 2012. Additionally, the Company recorded share-based compensation expense of approximately $1.3 million during the second quarter of fiscal year 2012, related to approximately 1.0 million stock options granted to employees that were not eligible to vest until the sale or disposition of the shares held by our Sponsors (as defined in note 13(b)) that were sold in the secondary offering (performance condition).
In August 2012, certain existing stockholders sold 21,754,659 shares of our common stock at a price of $30.00 per share, less underwriting discounts and commissions, in a secondary offering. The Company did not receive any proceeds from the sales of shares by the existing stockholders. The Company incurred approximately $759 thousand of expenses in connection with the offering during the three months ended September 29, 2012 . Additionally, the Company recorded share-based compensation expense of approximately $1.8 million during the three months ended September 29, 2012 , related to approximately 1.3 million stock options granted to employees that were not eligible to vest until the sale or disposition of the shares held by our Sponsors that were sold in the offering (performance condition).
(c) Share Repurchase
In August 2012, the Company repurchased a total of 15,000,000 shares of common stock at a price of $30.00 per share from certain existing stockholders, and incurred approximately $334 thousand of third-party costs in connection with the repurchase. The Company accounts for treasury stock under the cost method, and as such recorded an increase in common treasury stock of $450.3 million during the three months ended September 29, 2012 , based on the fair market value of the shares on the date of repurchase and the direct costs incurred. Prior to September 29, 2012 , the Company retired all outstanding treasury stock, resulting in decreases in common stock and additional paid-in capital of $15 thousand and $180.0 million , respectively, and an increase in accumulated deficit of $270.3 million .
(d) Equity Incentive Plans
The Dunkin’ Brands Group, Inc. 2011 Omnibus Long-Term Incentive Plan (the “2011 Plan”) was adopted in July 2011, and is the only plan under which the Company currently grants awards. A maximum of 7,000,000 shares of common stock may be delivered in satisfaction of awards under the 2011 Plan.
During the nine months ended September 29, 2012 , the Company granted options to purchase 746,100 shares of common stock and 22,204 restricted stock units to employees and directors under the 2011 Plan. The stock options vest in equal annual amounts over a four -year period subsequent to the grant date, and have a maximum contractual term of ten years. The restricted stock units vest in equal annual amounts over a one -year or three -year period subsequent to the grant date.
Total compensation expense related to all share-based awards was $3.1 million and $3.0 million for the three months ended September 29, 2012 and September 24, 2011 , respectively, and $5.9 million and $3.4 million for the nine months ended September 29, 2012 and September 24, 2011 , respectively, and is included in general and administrative expenses, net in the consolidated statements of operations.

(e) Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income
The changes in the components of accumulated other comprehensive income were as follows (in thousands):
 
 
Effect of foreign
currency
translation
 
Unrealized losses on interest rate swaps
 
Unrealized loss on pension adjustment
 
Other        
 
Accumulated
other
comprehensive
income
Balance at December 31, 2011
$
20,910

 

 
(1,391
)
 
82

 
19,601

Current period changes
1,143

 
(2,454
)
 
(1,451
)
 
(1,739
)
 
(4,501
)
Balance at September 29, 2012
$
22,053

 
(2,454
)
 
(2,842
)
 
(1,657
)
 
15,100

(f) Dividends
The Company paid quarterly dividends of $0.15 per share of common stock on March 28, 2012, May 16, 2012 and August 24, 2012, totaling approximately $18.0 million , $18.1 million , and $18.1 million , respectively. On October 25, 2012, we announced that our board of directors approved the next quarterly dividend of $0.15 per share of common stock payable November 14, 2012 .


15


(10) Earnings per Share
The computation of basic and diluted earnings per common share is as follows (in thousands, except share and per share amounts):
 
 
Three months ended
 
Nine months ended
 
September 29,
2012
 
September 24,
2011
 
September 29,
2012
 
September 24,
2011
Net income attributable to Dunkin' Brands—basic and diluted
$
29,526

 
7,412

 
73,973

 
22,851

Allocation of net income (loss) to common stockholders (1) :
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Class L—basic and diluted
n/a

 
101,897

 
n/a

 
140,211

Common—basic (2)
29,508

 
(94,485
)
 
73,842

 
(117,360
)
Common—diluted (2)
29,509

 
(94,485
)
 
73,863

 
(117,360
)
Weighted average number of common shares:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Class L—basic and diluted
n/a

 
22,866,379

 
n/a

 
22,845,378

Common—basic
112,720,961

 
93,529,128

 
117,499,678

 
58,807,271

Common—diluted
115,075,000

 
93,529,128

 
119,459,154

 
58,807,271

Earnings (loss) per common share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Class L—basic and diluted
n/a

 
4.46

 
n/a

 
6.14

Common—basic
0.26

 
(1.01
)
 
0.63

 
(2.00
)
Common—diluted
0.26

 
(1.01
)
 
0.62

 
(2.00
)
 
(1)
As the Company had both Class L and common stock outstanding during the three and nine months ended September 24, 2011 and Class L had preference with respect to all distributions, earnings per share is calculated using the two-class method, which requires the allocation of earnings to each class of common stock. The numerator in calculating Class L basic and diluted earnings per share is the Class L preference amount accrued at 9%  per annum during the three and nine months ended September 24, 2011 .

(2)
Net income allocated to common shareholders for the three months ended September 29, 2012 excludes $18 thousand and $17 thousand for basic and diluted earnings per share, respectively, and $131 thousand and $110 thousand for basic and diluted earnings per share, respectively, for the nine months ended September 29, 2012 , that is allocated to participating securities. Participating securities consist of unvested (restricted) shares that contain a nonforfeitable right to participate in dividends. No net loss was allocated to participating securities for the three and nine months ended September 24, 2011 as the participating securities do not participate in losses.
The weighted average number of common shares in the common diluted earnings per share calculation for the three and nine months ended September 24, 2011 excludes all restricted stock and stock options outstanding, as they would be antidilutive. The weighted average number of common shares in the common diluted earnings per share calculation for all periods excludes all performance-based restricted stock and stock options outstanding for which the performance criteria were not yet met as of the fiscal period end. As of September 29, 2012 , there were approximately 4,000 common restricted stock awards that were performance-based and for which the performance criteria was not yet met. Additionally, the weighted average number of common shares in the common diluted earnings per share calculation for all periods excludes stock options with an exercise price greater than the average market price for the period ("out-of-the-money stock options"). As of September 29, 2012 , there were approximately 318,000 out-of-the-money stock options that were excluded from the computation of common diluted earnings per share. There were no Class L common stock equivalents outstanding during the three and nine months ended September 24, 2011 .
(11) Income Taxes
Income tax expense and the effective tax rate were $41.9 million and 36.3% , respectively, for the nine months ended September 29, 2012 , and $17.2 million and 42.9% , respectively, for the nine months ended September 24, 2011 .
During the first quarter of fiscal year 2011, the Company recognized deferred tax expense of $1.9 million due to enacted changes in future state income tax rates. This change in enacted tax rates affects the tax rate expected to be in effect in future periods when the deferred tax assets and liabilities reverse. The Company recorded a net tax benefit of $2.4 million during the

16


nine months ended September 29, 2012 , primarily related to the reversal of reserves for uncertain tax positions for which settlement with the taxing authorities was reached.
The federal income tax returns of the Company for fiscal years 2006, 2007, 2008, and 2009 are currently under audit by the Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”), and the IRS has proposed adjustments for fiscal years 2006 and 2007 to increase our taxable income as it relates to our gift card program, specifically to record taxable income upon the activation of gift cards. We have filed a protest to the IRS’ proposed adjustments. If the IRS were to prevail in this matter, the proposed adjustments would result in additional taxable income of approximately $58.9 million for fiscal years 2006 and 2007 and approximately $27.5 million of additional federal and state taxes and interest owed, net of federal and state benefits. If the IRS prevails, a cash payment would be required and the additional taxable income would represent temporary differences that will be deductible in future years. Therefore, the potential tax expense attributable to the IRS adjustments for 2006 and 2007 would be limited to $3.8 million , consisting of federal and state interest, net of federal and state benefits. The IRS proposed adjustments on a similar basis for fiscal years 2008 and 2009.
During the three months ended September 29, 2012 , the Company reached a preliminary settlement with the IRS for 2006 and 2007, resulting in a cash payment for the additional federal tax due and interest thereon totaling $0.9 million . In addition, we reached a settlement with the IRS with respect to fiscal years 2008 and 2009 and made a cash payment of $5.7 million for the additional federal tax due. Based on the settlement for 2008 and 2009, we expect to pay additional state taxes and federal and state interest, net of federal and state benefits, of approximately $2.0 million . As part of the agreement for 2008 and 2009, the Company may adopt the same tax method of accounting for our gift cards for 2010, which will require us to make an additional cash payment of $3.1 million for federal and state taxes and interest owed, net of federal and state benefits. As the additional federal and state taxes owed for all periods represent temporary differences that will be deductible in future years, the potential tax expense is limited to federal and state interest, net of federal and state benefits, which we do not expect to be material. While we are awaiting finalization of the agreement for 2006 and 2007, no assurance can be made that the settlement will be accepted, or that we will otherwise prevail in the final resolution of this matter. An unfavorable outcome from any tax audit could result in higher tax costs, penalties, and interest, thereby negatively and adversely impacting our financial condition, results of operations, or cash flows.
(12) Commitments and Contingencies
(a) Lease Commitments
The Company is party to various leases for property, including land and buildings, leased automobiles, and office equipment under non-cancelable operating and capital lease arrangements.

(b) Guarantees
The Company has established agreements with certain financial institutions whereby the Company’s franchisees can obtain financing with terms of approximately 3 to 10 years for various business purposes. Substantially all loan proceeds are used by the franchisees to finance store improvements, new store development, new central production locations, equipment purchases, related business acquisition costs, working capital, and other costs. In limited instances, the Company guarantees a portion of the payments and commitments of the franchisees, which is collateralized by the store equipment owned by the franchisee. Under the terms of the agreements, in the event that all outstanding borrowings come due simultaneously, the Company would be contingently liable for $5.1 million and $6.9 million at September 29, 2012 and December 31, 2011 , respectively. At September 29, 2012 and December 31, 2011 , there were no amounts under such guarantees that were due. The fair value of the guarantee liability and corresponding asset recorded on the consolidated balance sheets was $684 thousand and $692 thousand , respectively, at September 29, 2012 and $754 thousand and $874 thousand , respectively, at December 31, 2011 . The Company assesses the risk of performing under these guarantees for each franchisee relationship on a quarterly basis. As of September 29, 2012 and December 31, 2011 , the Company had recorded reserves for such guarantees of $393 thousand and $390 thousand , respectively.
The Company has entered into a third-party guarantee with a distribution facility of franchisee products that ensures franchisees will purchase a certain volume of product over a 10 -year period. As product is purchased by the Company’s franchisees over the term of the agreement, the amount of the guarantee is reduced. As of September 29, 2012 and December 31, 2011 , the Company was contingently liable for $7.1 million and $7.8 million , respectively, under this guarantee. Based on current internal forecasts, the Company believes the franchisees will achieve the required volume of purchases, and therefore, the Company would not be required to make payments under this agreement unless we terminate the contract early. The Company has also entered into a third-party guarantee with this distribution facility that ensures franchisees will sell a certain volume of product each year over a 5 -year period. As of September 29, 2012 , the Company was contingently liable for $7.5 million under this guarantee. Based on current internal forecasts, the Company believes the franchisees will achieve the required volume of sales, and therefore, the Company would not be required to make payments under this agreement. Additionally, the Company

17


has various supply chain contracts that generally provide for purchase commitments or exclusivity, the majority of which result in the Company being contingently liable upon early termination of the agreement or engaging with another supplier. Based on prior history and the Company’s ability to extend contract terms, we have not recorded any liabilities related to these commitments. As of September 29, 2012 and December 31, 2011 , we were contingently liable under such supply chain agreements for approximately $37.1 million and $23.9 million , respectively.
As a result of assigning our interest in obligations under property leases as a condition of the refranchising of certain restaurants and the guarantee of certain other leases, we are contingently liable on certain lease agreements. These leases have varying terms, the latest of which expires in 2026 . As of September 29, 2012 and December 31, 2011 , the potential amount of undiscounted payments the Company could be required to make in the event of nonpayment by the primary lessee was $6.8 million and $10.5 million , respectively. Our franchisees are the primary lessees under the majority of these leases. The Company generally has cross-default provisions with these franchisees that would put them in default of their franchise agreement in the event of nonpayment under the lease. We believe these cross-default provisions significantly reduce the risk that we will be required to make payments under these leases. Accordingly, we do not believe it is probable that the Company will be required to make payments under such leases, and we have not recorded a liability for such contingent liabilities.
(c) Letters of Credit
At September 29, 2012 and December 31, 2011 , the Company had standby letters of credit outstanding for a total of $11.1 million and $11.2 million , respectively. There were no amounts drawn down on these letters of credit.
(d) Legal Matters
In May 2003, a group of Dunkin’ Donuts franchisees from Quebec, Canada filed a lawsuit against the Company on a variety of claims, based on events which primarily occurred 10 to 15 years ago, including but not limited to, alleging that the Company breached its franchise agreements and provided inadequate management and support to Dunkin’ Donuts franchisees in Quebec (“Bertico litigation”). On June 22, 2012, the Quebec Superior Court found for the plaintiffs and issued a judgment against the Company in the amount of approximately C$16.4 million (approximately $15.9 million ), plus costs and interest, representing loss in value of the franchises and lost profits. During the second quarter of 2012, the Company increased its estimated liability related to the Bertico litigation by $20.7 million to reflect the judgment amount and estimated plaintiff legal costs and interest. During the three months ended September 29, 2012 , the Company accrued an additional $250 thousand for interest that continues to accrue on the judgment amount, resulting in an estimated liability of $26.1 million , including the impact of foreign exchange, as of September 29, 2012 . The Company had recorded an estimated liability of approximately $3.9 million as of December 31, 2011 , representing the Company’s best estimate within the range of losses which could be incurred in connection with this matter. The Company strongly disagrees with the decision reached by the Court and believes the damages awarded were unwarranted. As such, the Company is vigorously appealing the decision.
The Company is engaged in several other matters of litigation arising in the ordinary course of its business as a franchisor. Such matters include disputes related to compliance with the terms of franchise and development agreements, including claims or threats of claims of breach of contract, negligence, and other alleged violations by the Company. At September 29, 2012 and December 31, 2011 , contingent liabilities, excluding the Bertico litigation, totaling $1.5 million and $736 thousand , respectively, were included in other current liabilities in the consolidated balance sheets to reflect the Company’s estimate of the potential loss which may be incurred in connection with these matters. While the Company intends to vigorously defend its positions against all claims in these lawsuits and disputes, it is reasonably possible that the losses in connection with these matters could increase by up to an additional $2.0 million based on the outcome of ongoing litigation or negotiations.
(13) Related-Party Transactions
(a) Advertising Funds
At September 29, 2012 and December 31, 2011 , the Company had a net payable of $17.3 million and $19.5 million , respectively, to the various advertising funds.
To cover administrative expenses of the advertising funds, the Company charges each advertising fund a management fee for items such as facilities, accounting services, information technology, data processing, product development, legal, administrative support services, and other operating expenses, which amounted to $1.4 million and $1.4 million for the three months ended September 29, 2012 and September 24, 2011 , respectively, and $4.3 million and $4.4 million for the nine months ended September 29, 2012 and September 24, 2011 , respectively. Such management fees are reflected in the consolidated statements of operations as a reduction in general and administrative expenses, net.
(b) Sponsors

18


Through the first quarter of fiscal year 2012, DBGI was majority-owned by investment funds affiliated with Bain Capital Partners, LLC, The Carlyle Group, and Thomas H. Lee Partners, L.P. (collectively, the “Sponsors”).
In April 2012, certain existing stockholders, including the Sponsors, sold a total of 30,360,000 shares of our common stock (see note 9(b)). In August 2012, the Sponsors sold all of their remaining shares through a registered offering and related repurchase of shares by the Company (see notes 9(b) and 9(c)). One representative of each Sponsor continues to serve on the board of directors.
Prior to the closing of the Company’s initial public offering on August 1, 2011, the Company was charged an annual management fee by the Sponsors of $1.0 million per Sponsor, payable in quarterly installments. In connection with the completion of the initial public offering in August 2011, the Company incurred an expense of approximately $ 14.7 million related to the termination of the Sponsor management agreement. Including this termination fee, the Company recognized $14.9 million and $16.4 million of expense related to Sponsor management fees during the three and nine months ended September 24, 2011 , respectively, which is included in general and administrative expenses, net in the consolidated statements of operations.
At September 29, 2012 and December 31, 2011 , certain affiliates of the Sponsors held $43.4 million and $64.8 million , respectively, of term loans, net of original issue discount, issued under the Company’s senior credit facility. The terms of these loans are identical to all other term loans issued to lenders in the senior credit facility.
The Sponsors have historically held a substantial interest in our Company as well as several other entities. The existence of such common ownership and management control could result in differences within our operating results or financial position than if the entities were autonomous; however, we believe such transactions were negotiated at arms-length. The Company made payments to entities under common control totaling approximately $298 thousand and $206 thousand during the three months ended September 29, 2012 and September 24, 2011 , respectively, and $1.2 million and $809 thousand during the nine months ended September 29, 2012 and September 24, 2011 , respectively, primarily for the purchase of training services and leasing of restaurant space. At September 29, 2012 and December 31, 2011 , the Company had a net payable of $150 thousand and $127 thousand , respectively.
(c) Joint Ventures
The Company received royalties from its joint ventures as follows (in thousands):
 
 
Three months ended
 
Nine months ended
 
September 29,
2012
 
September 24,
2011
 
September 29,
2012
 
September 24,
2011
B-R 31 Ice Cream Co., Ltd. (“BR Japan”)
$
1,107

 
1,015

 
2,257

 
2,116

BR Korea Co., Ltd. (“BR Korea”)
939

 
898

 
2,706

 
2,551

 
$
2,046

 
1,913

 
4,963

 
4,667

At September 29, 2012 and December 31, 2011 , the Company had $1.2 million and $1.0 million , respectively, of royalties receivable from its joint ventures, which were recorded in accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts, in the consolidated balance sheets.
The Company made net payments to its joint ventures totaling approximately $376 thousand and $497 thousand during the three months ended September 29, 2012 and September 24, 2011 , respectively, and $1.1 million and $958 thousand during the nine months ended September 29, 2012 and September 24, 2011 , respectively, primarily for the purchase of ice cream products and incentive payments.
(d) Board of Directors
Certain family members of one of our directors hold an ownership interest in an entity that owns and operates Dunkin’ Donuts restaurants and holds the right to develop additional restaurants under store development agreements. The Company received royalty, rental, and other payments from this entity of $216 thousand and $848 thousand during the three and nine months ended September 29, 2012 , respectively, and $263 thousand and $420 thousand during the three and nine months ended September 24, 2011 , respectively. During the three and nine months ended September 29, 2012 , the Company recognized $40 thousand and $120 thousand , respectively, of income related to store development agreements with this entity. All material terms of the franchise and store development agreements with this entity are consistent with other unrelated franchisees in the market.


19


(14) Closure of Manufacturing Plant
During the second quarter, the Company’s board of directors approved a plan to close our Peterborough, Ontario, Canada manufacturing plant, which supplied ice cream to certain of Baskin-Robbins' international markets. Manufacturing of ice cream products that had been produced in Peterborough began transitioning to existing third-party partner suppliers during the three months ended September 29, 2012 , and production ceased at the plant at the end of September 2012. The majority of the costs and activities related to the closure of the plant and transition to third-party suppliers will occur in fiscal year 2012, with the exception of the settlement of our Canadian pension plan, which is subject to government approval that may not be obtained until the end of 2013 or early 2014.
During the three months ended September 29, 2012 , the Company recorded costs related to the plant closure of $5.3 million , including $2.6 million of accelerated depreciation on property, plant, and equipment, $1.1 million of incremental ice cream production costs, $0.9 million of one-time termination benefits, and $0.6 million of other costs related to the closing and transition. During the nine months ended September 29, 2012 , the Company recorded costs related to the plant closure of $8.9 million , including $3.7 million of accelerated depreciation on property, plant, and equipment, $2.0 million of ongoing termination benefits, $1.1 million of incremental ice cream production costs, $1.1 million of one-time termination benefits, and $1.1 million of other costs related to the closing and transition. The accelerated depreciation and the incremental ice cream production costs are included in depreciation and cost of ice cream products, respectively, in the consolidated statements of operations, while all other costs are included in general and administrative expenses, net in the consolidated statements of operations. The Company expects to incur a total reduction to operating income associated with the plant closing and transition of between $16 million and $18 million . These reductions to operating income are expected to be incurred in fiscal year 2012, with the exception of a loss of approximately $3 million to $4 million related to the settlement of our Canadian pension plan.
The Company has recorded reserves for severance and other related benefits associated with the Peterborough plant closure. The changes in reserves related to the plant closure during the nine months ended September 29, 2012 were as follows (in thousands):
 
Nine months ended September 29, 2012
 
Ongoing Termination Benefits
One-Time Termination Benefits
Total
Balance at December 31, 2011
$



Costs incurred and charged to expense
1,976

1,070

3,046

Costs paid or settled
(199
)
(56
)
(255
)
Impact of foreign exchange rates
50

26

76

Balance at September 29, 2012
$
1,827

1,040

2,867

The Company expects the majority of these accrued termination benefits to be paid in the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2012.

20



Item 2.       Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Forward-Looking Statements
Certain statements contained herein are not based on historical fact and are “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the applicable securities laws and regulations. Generally, these statements can be identified by the use of words such as “anticipate,” “believe,” “could,” “estimate,” “expect,” “feel,” “forecast,” “intend,” “may,” “plan,” “potential,” “project,” “should,” “would,” and similar expressions intended to identify forward-looking statements, although not all forward-looking statements contain these identifying words. These forward-looking statements include all matters that are not historical facts. By their nature, forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties because they relate to events and depend on circumstances that may or may not occur in the future. These risk and uncertainties include, but are not limited to: the ongoing level of profitability of franchisees and licensees; our franchisees' and licensees' ability to sustain same store sales growth; changes in working relationships with our franchisees and licensees and the actions of our franchisees and licensees; our master franchisees’ relationships with sub-franchisees; the strength of our brand in the markets in which we compete; changes in competition within the quick service restaurant segment of the food industry; changes in consumer behavior resulting from changes in technologies or alternative methods of delivery; economic and political conditions in the countries where we operate; our substantial indebtedness; our ability to protect our intellectual property rights; consumer preferences, spending patterns and demographic trends; the success of our growth strategy and international development; changes in commodity and food prices, particularly coffee, dairy products and sugar, and the other operating costs; shortages of coffee; failure of our network and information technology systems; interruptions or shortages in the supply of products to our franchisees and licensees; the impact of food borne-illness or food safety issues or adverse public or media opinions regarding the health effects of consuming our products; our ability to collect royalty payments from our franchisees and licensees; uncertainties relating to litigation; the ability of our franchisees and licensees to open new restaurants and keep existing restaurants in operation; our ability to retain key personnel; any inability to protect consumer credit card data and catastrophic events.
Forward-looking statements reflect management’s analysis as of the date of this quarterly report. Important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from our expectations are more fully described in our other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including under the section headed “Risk Factors” in our most recent annual report on Form 10-K and in our quarterly report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2012. Except as required by applicable law, we do not undertake to publicly update or revise any of these forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.
Introduction and Overview
We are one of the world’s leading franchisors of quick service restaurants (“QSRs”) serving hot and cold coffee and baked goods, as well as hard serve ice cream. We franchise restaurants under our Dunkin’ Donuts and Baskin-Robbins brands. With over 17,200 points of distribution in 55 countries, we believe that our portfolio has strong brand awareness in our key markets. QSR is a restaurant format characterized by counter or drive-thru ordering and limited or no table service. As of September 29, 2012 , Dunkin’ Donuts had 10,283 global points of distribution with restaurants in 38 U.S. states and the District of Columbia and in 31 foreign countries. Baskin-Robbins had 6,920 global points of distribution as of the same date, with restaurants in 44 U.S. states and the District of Columbia and in 45 foreign countries.
We are organized into four reporting segments: Dunkin’ Donuts U.S., Dunkin’ Donuts International, Baskin-Robbins U.S., and Baskin-Robbins International. We generate revenue from five primary sources: (i) royalty income and franchise fees associated with franchised restaurants, (ii) rental income from restaurant properties that we lease or sublease to franchisees, (iii) sales of ice cream products to franchisees in certain international markets, (iv) retail store revenue at our company-owned restaurants, and (v) other income including fees for the licensing of our brands for products sold in non-franchised outlets, the licensing of the right to manufacture Baskin-Robbins ice cream sold to U.S. franchisees, refranchising gains, transfer fees from franchisees, and online training fees.
Franchisees fund the vast majority of the cost of new restaurant development. As a result, we are able to grow our system with lower capital requirements than many of our competitors. With only 37 company-owned points of distribution as of September 29, 2012 , we are less affected by store-level costs and profitability and fluctuations in commodity costs than other QSR operators.
Our franchisees fund substantially all of the advertising that supports both brands. Those advertising funds also fund the cost of our marketing personnel. Royalty payments and advertising fund contributions typically are made on a weekly basis for restaurants in the U.S., which limits our working capital needs. For the nine months ended September 29, 2012 , franchisee contributions to the U.S. advertising funds were $229.2 million.

21

Table of Contents

We operate and report financial information on a 52- or 53-week year on a 13-week quarter (or 14-week fourth quarter, when applicable) basis with the fiscal year ending on the last Saturday in December and fiscal quarters ending on the 13th Saturday of each quarter (or 14th Saturday of the fourth quarter, when applicable). The data periods contained within the three- and nine -month periods ended September 29, 2012 and September 24, 2011 reflect the results of operations for the 13-week and 39-week periods ended on those dates. Operating results for the three- and nine -month periods ended September 29, 2012 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the fiscal year ending December 29, 2012 .
Selected Operating and Financial Highlights
 
 
Three months ended
 
Nine months ended
 
September 29,
2012
 
September 24,
2011
 
September 29,
2012
 
September 24,
2011
Franchisee-reported sales (in millions):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Dunkin’ Donuts U.S.
$
1,583.3

 
1,501.5

 
4,604.4

 
4,263.7

Dunkin’ Donuts International
163.4

 
161.5

 
488.8

 
477.1

Baskin-Robbins U.S.
145.9

 
149.3

 
418.6

 
402.7

Baskin-Robbins International
409.8

 
389.5

 
1,047.3

 
977.5

Total franchisee-reported sales
$
2,302.4

 
2,201.8

 
6,559.1

 
6,121.0

Systemwide sales growth
4.7
%
 
8.9
%
 
7.3
%
 
7.1
 %
Comparable store sales growth:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Dunkin’ Donuts U.S.
2.8
%
 
6.0
%
 
4.5
%
 
4.3
 %
Dunkin’ Donuts International (a)
2.1
%
 
n/a

 
2.8
%
 
n/a

Baskin-Robbins U.S.
1.1
%
 
1.7
%
 
4.4
%
 
(0.7
)%
Baskin-Robbins International (a)
3.0
%
 
n/a

 
3.6
%
 
n/a

Financial data (in thousands):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total revenues
$
171,719

 
163,508

 
496,478

 
459,693

Operating income
70,345

 
54,112

 
171,678

 
160,742

Adjusted operating income
85,428

 
75,947

 
227,348

 
197,739

Net income attributable to Dunkin’ Brands
29,526

 
7,412

 
73,973

 
22,851

Adjusted net income
42,118

 
31,343

 
113,066

 
65,582

 
(a)
Comparable store sales growth data was not available for our international segments until fiscal year 2012.
Our financial results are largely driven by changes in systemwide sales, which include sales by all points of distribution, whether owned by Dunkin’ Brands or by its franchisees and licensees. While we do not record sales by franchisees or licensees as revenue, we believe that this information is important in obtaining an understanding of our financial performance. We believe systemwide sales growth and franchisee-reported sales information aids in understanding how we derive royalty revenue, assists readers in evaluating our performance relative to competitors, and indicates the strength of our franchised brands. Comparable store sales growth represents the growth in average weekly sales for restaurants that have been open at least 54 weeks that have reported sales in the current and comparable prior year week.

Overall growth in systemwide sales of 4.7% and 7.3% for the three and nine months ended September 29, 2012 , respectively, over the same period in the prior year resulted from the following:

Dunkin’ Donuts U.S. systemwide sales growth of 5.6% and 8.2% for the three and nine months ended September 29, 2012 , respectively, as a result of 262 net new restaurants opened since September 24, 2011 and comparable store sales growth of 2.8% and 4.5% , respectively, driven by both increases in average ticket and transactions. Increases in average ticket and transactions resulted from our continued focus on product and marketing innovation with strong beverage sales growth, especially in cold beverages, strong breakfast sandwich sales across both core offerings and differentiated breakfast sandwiches, continued growth in bakery sandwiches, and sales of Dunkin' Donuts K-Cup® portion packs.
Dunkin’ Donuts International systemwide sales growth of 1.2% and 2.4% for the three and nine months ended September 29, 2012 , respectively, driven primarily by increased sales in the Middle East and South America.

22

Table of Contents

Baskin-Robbins U.S. systemwide sales decline of 2.2% for the three months ended September 29, 2012 resulting primarily from a decline in points of distribution, partially offset by comparable store sales growth of 1.1% . Baskin-Robbins U.S. systemwide sales increase of 4.0% for the nine months ended September 29, 2012 resulting primarily from comparable store sales growth of 4.4% , partially offset by a decline in points of distribution. Baskin-Robbins U.S. comparable store sales growth for both the three and nine month periods was driven by product news, custom cake sales, and new beverages.
Baskin-Robbins International systemwide sales growth of 5.2% and 7.1% for the three and nine months ended September 29, 2012 , respectively, primarily as a result of increased sales in South Korea, Japan, and the Middle East.
The increase in total revenues of approximately $8.2 million , or 5.0% , for the three months ended September 29, 2012 as compared to the comparable period of 2011 primarily resulted from increased franchise fees and royalty income of $3.3 million , a $2.8 million increase in sales at company-owned restaurants due to additional locations acquired since the prior year, and a $1.5 million increase in sales of ice cream products. The increase in total revenues of approximately $36.8 million , or 8.0% , for the nine months ended September 29, 2012 as compared to the comparable period of 2011 primarily resulted from increased franchise fees and royalty income of $21.2 million , an $8.3 million increase in sales at company-owned restaurants due to additional locations acquired, and increased sales of ice cream products of $4.8 million .
Operating income for the three months ended September 29, 2012 increased $16.2 million , or 30.0% , from the comparable period of the prior year. This increase resulted primarily from a $14.7 million expense incurred in the prior year related to the termination of the Sponsor management agreement in connection with the Company's initial public offering, as well as the $3.3 million increase in franchise fees and royalty income, offset by $2.9 million of incremental depreciation primarily resulting from the announced closure of our ice cream manufacturing plant in Peterborough, Ontario, Canada. Operating income for the nine months ended September 29, 2012 increased $10.9 million , or 6.8% , from the comparable period of the prior year primarily from the $21.2 million increase in franchise fees and royalty income, the $14.7 million expense incurred in the prior year related to the termination of the Sponsor management agreement, and a $5.1 million increase in income from our joint ventures, offset by a $20.7 million increase in the legal reserve related to the Bertico litigation and $8.9 million of costs associated with the announced closure of our ice cream manufacturing plant in Peterborough, Ontario, Canada.
Adjusted operating income increased $9.5 million , or 12.5% , for the three months ended September 29, 2012 primarily as a result of the increase in revenues and continued general and administrative expense leverage. Adjusted operating income increased $29.6 million , or 15.0% , for the nine months ended September 29, 2012 driven by the $21.2 million increase in franchise fees and royalty income and a $5.1 million increase in equity in net income from joint ventures.
Net income increased $22.1 million for the three months ended September 29, 2012 resulting from the $16.2 million increase in operating income, a $14.1 million decrease in loss on debt extinguishment and refinancing transactions due to costs recorded in the prior year resulting from the upsizing and repricing of long-term debt, and a $5.1 million decrease in interest expense, offset by a $13.7 million increase in tax expense. Net income increased $51.1 million for the nine months ended September 29, 2012 resulting from a $34.6 million decrease in interest expense, a $30.3 million decrease in loss on debt extinguishment and refinancing transactions, and the $10.9 million increase in operating income, offset by a $24.7 million increase in tax expense.
Adjusted net income increased $10.8 million for the three months ended September 29, 2012 primarily as a result of a $9.5 million increase in adjusted operating income and a $5.1 million decrease in interest expense, offset by a $4.2 million increase in income tax expense resulting from the higher profit. Adjusted net income increased $47.5 million for the nine months ended September 29, 2012 primarily as a result of a $34.6 million decrease in interest expense and a $29.6 million increase in adjusted operating income, offset by a $16.8 million increase in income tax expense resulting from the higher profit.
Adjusted operating income and adjusted net income are non-GAAP measures reflecting operating income and net income adjusted for amortization of intangible assets, impairment charges, and other non-recurring, infrequent, or unusual charges, net of the tax impact of such adjustments in the case of adjusted net income. The Company uses adjusted operating income and adjusted net income as key performance measures for the purpose of evaluating performance internally. We also believe adjusted operating income and adjusted net income provide our investors with useful information regarding our historical operating results. These non-GAAP measurements are not intended to replace the presentation of our financial results in accordance with GAAP. Use of the terms adjusted operating income and adjusted net income may differ from similar measures reported by other companies. Adjusted operating income and adjusted net income are reconciled from operating income and net income determined under GAAP as follows:
 

23

Table of Contents

 
Three months ended
 
Nine months ended
 
September 29,
2012
 
September 24,
2011
 
September 29,
2012
 
September 24,
2011
 
(In thousands)
Operating income
$
70,345

 
54,112

 
171,678

 
160,742

Adjustments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Amortization of other intangible assets
6,669

 
7,001

 
20,317

 
21,106

Impairment charges
564

 
163

 
950

 
1,220

Sponsor termination fee

 
14,671

 

 
14,671

Secondary offering costs
2,579

 

 
4,774

 

Peterborough plant closure costs (a)
5,271

 

 
8,949

 

Bertico litigation (b)

 

 
20,680

 

Adjusted operating income
$
85,428

 
75,947

 
227,348

 
197,739

Net income attributable to Dunkin’ Brands
$
29,526

 
7,412

 
73,973

 
22,851

Adjustments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Amortization of other intangible assets
6,669

 
7,001

 
20,317

 
21,106

Impairment charges
564

 
163

 
950

 
1,220

Sponsor termination fee

 
14,671

 

 
14,671

Secondary offering costs
2,579

 

 
4,774

 

Peterborough plant closure costs (a)
5,271

 

 
8,949

 

Bertico litigation (b)

 

 
20,680

 

Loss on debt extinguishment and refinancing transactions
3,963

 
18,050

 
3,963

 
34,222

Tax impact of adjustments, excluding Bertico litigation (c)
(7,618
)
 
(15,954
)
 
(15,581
)
 
(28,488
)
Tax impact of Bertico adjustment (d)
1,164

 

 
(4,959
)
 

Adjusted net income
$
42,118

 
31,343

 
113,066

 
65,582

 
(a)
Represents costs incurred related to the announced closure of the Baskin-Robbins ice cream manufacturing plant in Peterborough, Canada, including $1.0 million and $2.9 million of severance-related charges for the three and nine months ended September 29, 2012 , respectively, $2.6 million and $3.7 million of accelerated depreciation for the three and nine months ended September 29, 2012 , respectively, $1.1 million of incremental costs of ice cream products for the three and nine months ended September 29, 2012, and other transition-related costs.
(b)
Represents the incremental legal reserve recorded in the second quarter of 2012 related to the Quebec Superior Court’s ruling in the Bertico litigation, in which the Court found for the Plaintiffs and issued a judgment against Dunkin’ Brands in the amount of approximately $C16.4 million (approximately $15.9 million ), plus costs and interest.
(c)
Tax impact of adjustments, excluding the Bertico litigation, calculated at a 40% effective tax rate for each period presented.
(d)
Tax impact of Bertico litigation adjustment calculated as if the incremental reserve had not been recorded. The tax impact recorded in the second quarter of 2012 was a $3.9 million tax benefit representing the actual direct tax benefit expected to be realized, as well as a $2.2 million tax benefit recorded that will fully reverse in the third and fourth quarters of 2012 based on interim tax provision requirements. The tax impact for the three months ended September 29, 2012 represents $1.2 million of the tax benefit that was expected to reverse.

Earnings per share
Earnings per share and diluted adjusted earnings per pro forma common share were as follows:
 

24

Table of Contents

 
Three months ended
 
Nine months ended
 
September 29,
2012
 
September 24,
2011
 
September 29,
2012
 
September 24,
2011
Earnings (loss) per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Class L—basic and diluted
$ n/a

 
4.46

 
n/a

 
6.14

Common—basic
0.26

 
(1.01
)
 
0.63

 
(2.00
)
Common—diluted
0.26

 
(1.01
)
 
0.62

 
(2.00
)
Diluted adjusted earnings per pro forma common share
0.37

 
0.28

 
0.94

 
0.64

On August 1, 2011, the Company completed its initial public offering. Immediately prior to the offering, each share of the Company’s Class L common stock converted into approximately 2.4338 shares of common stock. The number of common shares used in the calculation of diluted adjusted earnings per pro forma common share for the three and nine months ended September 24, 2011 gives effect to the conversion of all outstanding shares of Class L common stock at the conversion factor of 2.4338 common shares for each Class L share, as if the conversion was completed at the beginning of that fiscal period. The calculation of diluted adjusted earnings per pro forma common share also includes the dilutive effect of common restricted shares and stock options, using the treasury stock method. No pro forma adjustments have been made to the number of common shares used in the calculation of diluted adjusted earnings per pro forma common share for the three or nine months ended September 29, 2012 , as all Class L common stock had converted to common shares prior to the beginning of that fiscal period. Diluted adjusted earnings per pro forma common share is calculated using adjusted net income, as defined above.
Diluted adjusted earnings per pro forma common share is not a presentation made in accordance with GAAP, and our use of the term diluted adjusted earnings per pro forma common share may vary from similar measures reported by others in our industry due to the potential differences in the method of calculation. Diluted adjusted earnings per pro forma common share should not be considered as an alternative to earnings (loss) per share derived in accordance with GAAP. Diluted adjusted earnings per pro forma common share has important limitations as an analytical tool and should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for analysis of our results as reported under GAAP. Because of these limitations, we rely primarily on our GAAP results. However, we believe that presenting diluted adjusted earnings per pro forma common share is appropriate to provide additional information to investors to compare our performance prior to and after the completion of our initial public offering and related conversion of Class L shares into common, as well as to provide investors with useful information regarding our historical operating results. The following table sets forth the computation of diluted adjusted earnings per pro forma common share:
 
 
Three months ended
 
Nine months ended
 
September 29,
2012
 
September 24,
2011
 
September 29,
2012
 
September 24,
2011
 
(In thousands, except share and per share data)
Adjusted net income available to common shareholders:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Adjusted net income
$
42,118

 
31,343

 
113,066

 
65,582

Less: Adjusted net income allocated to participating securities
(36
)
 
(26
)
 
(178
)
 
(354
)
Adjusted net income available to common shareholders
$
42,082

 
31,317

 
112,888

 
65,228

Pro forma weighted average number of common shares—diluted:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average number of Class L shares over period in which Class L shares were outstanding (a)

 
22,866,379

 

 
22,845,378

Adjustment to weight Class L shares over respective fiscal period (a)

 
(15,328,012
)
 

 
(5,104,722
)
Weighted average number of Class L shares

 
7,538,367

 

 
17,740,656

Class L conversion factor

 
2.4338

 

 
2.4338

Weighted average number of converted Class L shares

 
18,347,071

 

 
43,177,665

Weighted average number of common shares
112,720,961

 
93,529,128

 
117,499,678

 
58,807,271

Pro forma weighted average number of common shares—basic
112,720,961

 
111,876,199

 
117,499,678

 
101,984,936

Incremental dilutive common shares (b)
2,354,039

 
1,401,643

 
1,959,476

 
735,242

Pro forma weighted average number of common shares—diluted
115,075,000

 
113,277,842

 
119,459,154

 
102,720,178

Diluted adjusted earnings per pro forma common share
$
0.37

 
0.28

 
0.94

 
0.64

 

25

Table of Contents

(a)
The weighted average number of Class L shares in the actual Class L earnings per share calculation for the three and nine months ended September 24, 2011 represents the weighted average from the beginning of the period up through the date of conversion of the Class L shares into common shares. As such, the pro forma weighted average number of common shares includes an adjustment to the weighted average number of Class L shares outstanding to reflect the length of time the Class L shares were outstanding prior to conversion relative to the respective three and nine month periods. The converted Class L shares are already included in the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the period after their conversion.
(b)
Represents the dilutive effect of restricted shares and stock options, using the treasury stock method.
Results of operations
Consolidated results of operations
 
 
Three months ended
 
Nine months ended
 
September 29,
2012
 
September 24,
2011
 
Increase
(Decrease)
 
September 29,
2012
 
September 24,
2011
 
Increase
(Decrease)
$
 
%
 
$
 
%
 
(In thousands, except percentages)
Franchise fees and royalty income
$
107,847

 
104,562

 
3,285

 
3.1
 %
 
$
309,819

 
288,660

 
21,159

 
7.3
 %
Rental income
24,918

 
23,676

 
1,242

 
5.2
 %
 
73,859

 
69,950

 
3,909

 
5.6
 %
Sales of ice cream products
27,118

 
25,591

 
1,527

 
6.0
 %
 
78,283

 
73,532

 
4,751

 
6.5
 %
Sales at company-owned restaurants
5,913

 
3,073

 
2,840

 
92.4
 %
 
16,706

 
8,409

 
8,297

 
98.7
 %
Other revenues
5,923

 
6,606

 
(683
)
 
(10.3
)%
 
17,811

 
19,142

 
(1,331
)
 
(7.0
)%
Total revenues
$
171,719

 
163,508

 
8,211

 
5.0
 %
 
$
496,478

 
459,693

 
36,785

 
8.0
 %
Total revenues for the three and nine months ended September 29, 2012 increased $8.2 million , or 5.0% , and